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2019年pets3考试 2019年pets四级议论文类写作指导:现象类

时间:2019-09-04 来源:作文笔 

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第二类, 现象类:陈述某种社会现象及其产生的原因或给我们带来的问题、不良后果和你对这种现象的看法。这一类的作文,第一段应简洁,用两三句话摆出这种现象,但最好不要出现phenomenon这一词。第二段是全文的中心,一般有两种情况:分析产生这种情况的原因,可以列举2到3个;或分析这种现象的危害性,列举几条。第三段是你的看法,这一部分也很重要,因为这些现象一般都是不太好的,所以在第三部分一般都会让你提出解决该问题的几方面的途径。

Model Test Two Private Cars

Outline: 1.随着人们生活水平的提高,社会上私家车越来越多了

2. 特别是在大城市,私家车的激增带来了一些问题 3. 我的看法和提议

As the living standards of Chinese people have been greatly improved, more and more people have been able to afford a private car.

Thus, in already densely populated big cities in particular, the proliferation of private cars has brought many problems. For example, more private cars make roads more crowded; the emissions of cars pollute the environment; cars consume much energy.

In my opinion, some measures have to be taken to restrict negative effects the proliferation of private cars has brought. Firstly, the government had better adopt some policies to control the number of private cars on roads. Secondly, public transport should be greatly developed to lessen the importance of private cars. Thirdly, people ought to be encouraged to buy cars with low energy consumption and fewer emissions. Fourthly, owners of private cars ought to make use of their cars in a more proper and reasonable way.

College Students Job-hunting

Outline: 1. 近年来,大学毕业生找工作是越来越难了

2. 分析造成这种现象的原因 3. 提出解决的可行方案

In recent years, college students find it increasingly difficult to get a job. It sounds strange since young college students are usually intelligent, well-educated, knowledgeable, aspirant and eager to bring their talent into full play. Then what underlies the strange phenomenon?

There are several reasons for this. To begin with, nowadays college students aim too high. All they want is good jobs which could offer good salary, comfortable working conditions, high social status among others. Consequently, most college students are unwilling to accept vacant jobs they consider not good enough. Another reason is that there is a big gap between the majors some students study in school and the demands of vacant jobs. So companies think some students are not fit for the jobs.

A solution to the problem requires efforts on both the society and the students. The companies should value the students talent and knowledge while the latter should not merely aim at material gains. They should be down-to-earth in building up their career. Furthermore, they should face their weak points so as to improve themselves and be more competent.

Model Test Three Reading Online or Offline

Outline: 1. 现在越来越多的人在网上阅读杂志、报纸、书籍等

2. 仍有很多人在阅读传统的文字内容 3. 你对此的观点

With the development and popularity of Internet and computers, more and more people begin to read online. They read online magazines, online newspapers and even e-books.

However, there are still lots of people who stick to the traditional way of reading, namely, reading p-books offline. They buy magazines and newspapers at news stands and books from bookstores.

In my opinion, it takes time to totally break people s connection with p-books by this different way of reading online. For one thing, p-books are part of the whole reading experience, from selecting to collecting. Mostly, it is a kind of psychological satisfaction. People are linked to p-books by emotion, reading habit and psychological dependence. For another, reading online is harmful to eyes. What s more, people are unable to write or scribble words on what they are reading if it s online. It is very much possible that reading online and reading offline complement each other with their own features, but neither of them can replace the other.

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